Montana State University
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MSU Extension's Community Health Resources Program

337 Culbertson Hall
P.O. Box 172230
Bozeman, MT 59717

Tel: (406) 994-5552
Fax: (406) 994-1756
Location: Culbertson Hall

Community Health Specialist:

David Young

MSU Extension - Community Health Resources

College Department

National Facts & Figures

Economic Costs of Diabetes in the US in 2007
The national cost of diabetes in the U.S. in 2007 exceeds $174 billion. This estimate includes $116 billion in excess medical expenditures attributed to diabetes, as well as $58 billion in reduced national productivity. People with diagnosed diabetes, on average, have medical expenditures that are approximately 2.3 times higher than the expenditures would be in the absence of diabetes. Approximately $1 in $10 health care dollars is attributed to diabetes. Indirect costs include increased factors such as absenteeism, reduced productivity, and lost productive capacity due to early mortality.

Health Care Rankings
Although the US spends more per person for health care than any other nation, a total of 43 countries have a higher life expectancy and 40 countries have lower infant mortality rates than the US. When compared to ten European countries, the US had a higher prevalence of major chronic diseases among adults age 50 and older. A UNICEF study of child well-being in 21 comparably well-to-do countries ranked the US second to last based on 40 different measurements. A study of performance of health care systems in six highly industrialized countries by the Commonwealth Fund ranked the US dead last based on dimensions of access, patient safety, efficiency and equity, in spite of the fact that the US spends twice as much as the other countries for health care on a per-capita basis.

Health Care Spending
In 2005, total national health expenditures rose 6.9 percent two times the rate of inflation to a national high of $2 trillion or $6,700 per person. Total health care spending represented 16 percent of the gross domestic product (GDP), an amount 4.3 times that spent on national defense.

High Cost of No Health Insurance
In 2002, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) estimated that 18,000 Americans died in 2000 because they were uninsured. Since then,the number of uninsured has grown. Based on the IOM's methodology and subsequent Census Bureau estimates of insurance coverage, 137,000 people died from 2000 through 2006 because they lacked health insurance, including 22,000 people in 2006.

High Number of Preventable Deaths
More than 100,000 Americans die each year from lack of timely, effective medical care, according to a study that found the U.S. has the highest rate of preventable deaths among 19 industrialized nations. In the five years through 2003, the rate of preventable deaths in the U.S. declined more slowly than in the other 18 market based, democratic nations, according to the analysis published today by the policy journal Health Affairs. The U.S. is the only one of the 19 nations without universal health care coverage. About 47 million Americans lack insurance to help pay for rising medical costs.

State Fact Sheets
State fact sheets have been updated as of January 2008 by the Economic Research Service (ERS) of the USDA. State fact sheets provide information on population, employment, income, farm characteristics, farm financial indicators, and top commodities, exports, and counties for each state in the United States.

Tobacco Use and Prevention
Tobacco use is the leading preventable cause of death in the United States. Every year, smoking and secondhand smoke kill about 440,000 people in the U.S. Every day, another 1,500 kids become daily smokers. One third of them will die prematurely as a result. Tobacco's terrible toll stems directly from the tobacco industry's expenditure of huge sums to market their deadly and addictive products, often in ways appealing to kids. In the United States alone, tobacco marketing exceeds $15.4 billion a year $42 million a day. Tobacco use and secondhand smoke take a huge toll in health, lives and money:

1. Tobacco use kills more people in the U.S. each year than AIDS, alcohol, motor vehicle accidents, murders, illegal drugs and suicide combined.
2.Secondhand smoke contains more than 4,000 chemicals, including at least 69 known carcinogens, and causes tens of thousands of deaths in the U.S. each year.
3. Tobacco use costs the U.S. more than $180 billion annually in health care bills and lost productivity, imposing a hidden tax on every individual, family and business.

U.S. Health Care Costs
Health care costs have been rising for several years. Expenditures in the United States on health care surpassed $2 trillion in 2006, almost three times the $714 billion spent in 1990, and over eight times the $253 billion spent in 1980. Stemming this growth has become a major policy priority, as the government, employers, and consumers increasingly struggle to keep up with health care costs. In 2006, U.S. health care spending was about $7,026 per resident and accounted for 16% of the nations Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Total health care expenditures grew at an annual rate of 6.7 percent in 2006, a slower rate than recent years, yet still outpacing inflation and the growth in national income.